Topic: Shipping Container Types LCL FCL Import Export Business Logistics Supp

When exporting goods overseas, there are many different shipping methods to consider.
It mainly depends on the overall packing sizes, total cubic measurement or total weight of the goods to be shipped.


The most popular shipping method all over the world is the 20-foot shipping container.
There are three main methods to shipping goods overseas:
by FCL cargo, Full Container Load, by LCL cargo, Less Than Container Load or by Breakbulk Shipping.

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Full Container Load shipping is used when exporting a full container of products. These are predominantly shipped in 20-foot and 40-foot long enclosed shipping containers.
Our IncoDocs chart below displays the most popular shipping containers used and includes container measurements, weights and door sizes for each.


Dry Cargo containers are made in 20-foot and 40-foot lengths. The standard is a 20-foot, General Purpose container, a 20-foot GP. These containers can also be made as a High Cube container
which have an increased height to hold more cargo. Refrigerated containers or reefers
are made in the same sizes as dry cargo containers.

These refrigerated containers are designed for the transportation of temperature-sensitive cargo.
They allow everything from meat, fruit, vegetables and dairy products to chemicals and pharmaceuticals to travel across the world.


Open Top containers are also made in 20-foot and 40-foot lengths. They don't include a roof which allows the transport of bulky or heavy cargo that either won't fit through normal container doors or require a crane for efficient loading.


Flat Rack containers are unique shipping containers that consists of only a flatbed and have either fixed or collapsible ends on the container or no ends at all.
They are designed to ship products that won't fit into a general purpose or open top container.
These flat rack containers allow transport of oversized, out of gauge and odd-shaped cargo.
LCL cargo is another form of shipping method used when shipping smaller amounts of cargo.
It will be used when the overall size of the goods for export
is not big enough to fill a 20-foot container.


When LCL shipping is used, the goods are still loaded inside 20-foot and 40-foot shipping containers and they are transported exactly the same way. However, the LCL cargo is loaded inside a shared shipping container along with other parties' cargo to fill the container which is called a consolidated shipping container.


The freight cost is charged out depending on the overall product size or weight.
It will be charged out per cubic meter of cargo or per metric ton in weight, whichever is greater.
Breakbulk Shipping is used to ship oversized cargo that will not fit inside shipping containers.
Any cargo that exceeds length, width, height or weight restrictions can be shipped by breakbulk cargo.


The cargo is loaded on top of the deck of the vessel by crane. Large machinery, boats and steel are examples of goods that are exported around the world by breakbulk cargo.

When exporting your products overseas, you will need to provide your freight company with detailed shipping documentation that includes the shipment type and shipment details.
You can use IncoDocs to quickly and easily create all of the shipping documentation required to export your goods overseas.
Try it for yourself. Go to IncoDocs.com and start your free trial today.

Last edited by dewicapsapkv (2020-05-19 11:17:07)